Technology Entrepreneurship & Industry Emergence

We study how entrepreneurs transform emerging technologies into new ventures and contribute to generate new ecosystems.

New industries emerge through technology entrepreneurship

What is the phenomenon?

The development of new industries typically takes many years. The associated process of creating new technologies into lasting innovations is complex. Technology-oriented entrepreneurs play a key role in this process through revolutionary products and services.

Successful examples show that a sustainable connection of start-up activities with the related network is crucial. This includes other established companies, but also other founders and their specific ecosystems.

What is known about it?

Technological cycles can be measured through patent activities, among others. Once a technology is diffused on a market, it is called dominant design. Hence, it can serve as a tool to analyse and even predict technological developments.

Change is always difficult, especially in terms of innovation it is a necessary prerequesite. The current digital transformation is a good example for such developments. Entrepreneurship is also not linear in its nature, and established player are not always happy about new entrants. But this view is also changing with new developments and cooperation modes.

Digital Entrepreneurship - Interfaces Between Digital Technologies and Entrepreneurship

Topic-specific publications

  1. 2022

    1. Haessler, P., Giones, F., & Brem, A. (2022). The who and how of commercializing emerging technologies: A technology-focused review. Technovation, 102637.
    2. Battisti, S., Agarwal, N., & Brem, A. (2022). Creating new tech entrepreneurs with digital platforms: Meta-organizations for shared value in data-driven retail ecosystems. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 175, 121392.
    3. Dąbrowska, J., Almpanopoulou, A., Brem, A., Chesbrough, H., Cucino, V., Di Minin, A., Giones, F., Hakala, H., Marullo, C., Mention, A., Mortara, L., Nørskov, S., Nylund, P. A., Oddo, C. M., Radziwon, A., & Ritala, P. (2022). Digital transformation, for better or worse: a critical multi‐level research agenda. R&D Management.
    4. Brem, A. (2022). Zur Relevanz betriebswirtschaftlicher Forschung in der Corona-Pandemie: die Rolle der BWL als Wissenschaft. Der Betriebswirt, 63(1), 27–39.
  2. 2021

    1. Obsuwan, S., Chandrashekar, D., Kraus, S., Brem, A., & Bouncken, R. (2021). Does Cultural Diversity Matter for Team Performance in Multinational companies? An Analysis of Conflict, Communication, Social Integration, creativity and satisfaction. International Journal of Innovation Management.
    2. Nylund, P. A., Brem, A., & Agarwal, N. (2021). Innovation ecosystems for meeting sustainable development goals: The evolving roles of multinational enterprises. Journal of Cleaner Production, 281, 125329.
    3. Giones, F., Kleine, K., & Tegtmeier, S. (2021). Students as scientists’ co-pilots at the onset of technology transfer: a two-way learning process. Journal of Technology Transfer.
    4. Brem, A., Kongar, E., Eckert, C., Santiago, L. P., & Daim, T. U. (2021). Editorial: Publishing in Peer-Reviewed Journals. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 68(1), 5–10.
    5. Bettenmann, D., Giones, F., Brem, A., & Gneiting, P. (2021). Break Out to Open Innovation. MIT Sloan Management Review, Winter 2022.
    6. Brem, A. (2021). Was würde Schumpeter tun? Entrepreneurship in Zeiten der Covid-Pandemie. Zeitschrift Für KMU Und Entrepreneurship, 69(2), 137--145.
    7. Elisa, U., Annalisa, C., Armin, S., Massimo, C., & Alexander, B. (2021). Digital technologies and the changing entrepreneurial finance landscape: Status quo and perspectives for future research. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 168, 120768.
    8. Rohn, D., Bican, P. M., Brem, A., Kraus, S., & Clauss, T. (2021). Digital platform-based business models – An exploration of critical success factors. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 60, 101625.
    9. Brem, A., Viardot, E., & Nylund, P. A. (2021). Implications of the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak for innovation: Which technologies will improve our lives? Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 163, 120451.
    10. Battisti, S., & Brem, A. (2021). Digital entrepreneurs in technology-based spinoffs: an analysis of hybrid value creation in retail public–private partnerships to tackle showrooming. Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, 36(10), 1780–1792.
    11. Zhao, Z., Haikel-Elsabeh, M., Baudier, P., Renard, D., & Brem, A. (2021). Need for Uniqueness and Word of Mouth in Disruptive Innovation Adoption: The Context of Self-Quantification. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 1–11.
    12. Ármane, S., Gärtig, S. İ., Tegtmeier, S., & Brem, A. (2021). STEM educated women entrepreneurs in Denmark, Latvia and Turkey: a context-based explorative study. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, 13(2), 186.
    13. Wang, N., Tiberius, V., Chen, X., Brem, A., & Yu, F. (2021). Idea selection and adoption by users – a process model in an online innovation community. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 33(9), 1036–1051.
    14. Brem, A., & Nylund, P. A. (2021). Home bias in international innovation systems: The emergence of dominant designs in the electric vehicle industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 321, 128964.
    15. Brem, A., Giones, F., & Werle, M. (2021). The AI Digital Revolution in Innovation: A Conceptual Framework of Artificial Intelligence Technologies for the Management of Innovation. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 1–7.
    16. Nylund, P. A., Brem, A., & Agarwal, N. (2021). Enabling technologies mitigating climate change: The role of dominant designs in environmental innovation ecosystems. Technovation, 102271.
  3. 2020

    1. Straub, O., Bican, P., & Brem, A. (2020). Distinguishing Self-Sufficient Business Incubators in Start-up Incubation Ecosystems.
    2. Henninger, P., Brem, A., Giones, F., Bican, P. M., & Wimschneider, C. (2020). Effectuation vs. Causation: Can Established Firms Use Start-Up Decision-Making Principles to Stay Innovative? International Journal of Innovation Management, 24(1), 2050002.
    3. Giones, F., Ungerer, C., & Baltes, G. (2020). Balancing financial, social and environmental values: can new ventures make an impact without sacrificing profits. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, 12(1), 39.
    4. Giones, F., Brem, A., Pollack, J. M., Michaelis, T. L., Klyver, K., & Brinckmann, J. (2020). Revising entrepreneurial action in response to exogenous shocks: Considering the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Business Venturing Insights, 14(November), e00186.
    5. Gender Differences in Technology and Innovation Management - Insights from Experimental Research. (2020). In A. Brem, P. Bican, & C. Wimschneider (Eds.), De Gruyter Studies in Innovation and Entrepreneurship.
    6. Rosca, E., Agarwal, N., & Brem, A. (2020). Women Entrepreneurs as Agents of Change: A Comparative Analysis of Social Entrepreneurship Processes in Emerging Markets. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 157(120067), Article 120067.
    7. Giones, F., Laufs, D., & Schultz, C. (2020). Co-creating Science Commercialization Opportunities for Blue Biotechnologies: The FucoSan Project. Sustainability, 12(14), 5578.
    8. Giones, F., & Miralles, F. (2020). Bound for glory or cursed for life Exploring the impact of initial resources on the venture emergence of new technology-based firms. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, 12(2), 143.
    10. Markmann, C., Spickermann, A., von der Gracht, H. A., & Brem, A. (2020). Improving the question formulation in Delphi-like surveys: Analysis of the effects of abstract language and amount of information on response behavior. FUTURES & FORESIGHT SCIENCE, 3(1), Article 1.
    11. Bachmann, A. K., Maran, T., Furtner, M., Brem, A., & Welte, M. (2020). Improving entrepreneurial self-efficacy and the attitude towards starting a business venture. Review of Managerial Science.
  4. 2019

    1. Jahanshahi, A. A., & Brem, A. (2019). Entrepreneurs in Post-Sanctions Iran: Innovation or Imitation under Conditions of Perceived Environmental Uncertainty. Asia Pacific Journal of Management.
    2. Hofmann, M., & Giones, F. (2019). Entrepreneurship as an Innovation Driver in an Industrial Ecosystem. In R. Baierl, J. Behrens, & A. Brem (Eds.), Digital Entrepreneurship: Interfaces between Digital Technologies and Entrepreneurship (pp. 99--121). Springer - FGF Studies in Small Business and Entrepreneurship.
    3. Giones, F. (2019). University–industry collaborations: an industry perspective. Management Decision, 57(12), 3258--3279.
    4. McPhee, C., Giones, F., & Dutta, D. K. (2019). Editorial: Technology Commercialization and Entrepreneurship (January 2019). Technology Innovation Management Review, 9(1), 3--8.
    5. Henninger, P., Brem, A., Giones, F., Bican, P., & Wimschneider, C. (2019). Effectuation vs. Causation: Can established firms use Start-Up Decision-Making Principles to stay innovative? International Journal of Innovation Management.
    6. Giones, F., Brem, A., & Berger, A. (2019). Strategic decisions in turbulent times: Lessons from the energy industry. Business Horizons, 62(2), 215--225.
    7. Giones, F., & Brem, A. (2019). Crowdfunding as a tool for innovation marketing: technology entrepreneurship commercialization strategies. In F. Thérin, F. P. Appio, & H. Yoon (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Techno-Entrepreneurship, Third Edition (3rd ed., pp. 156--174). Edward Elgar Publishing.
    8. Giones, F., Gozun, B., & Miralles, F. (2019). Unbundling the Influence of Human Capital on the New Ventures Performance. DLSU Business & Economics Review 28, 28(3), 47--51.
    9. Kleine, K., Giones, F., & Tegtmeier, S. (2019). The Learning Process in Technology Entrepreneurship Education—Insights from an Engineering Degree. Journal of Small Business Management, 57(S1), 94--110.
    10. Giones, F., Gurses, K., & Brem, A. (2019). The interplay of technology entrepreneurs and regulation in a new industry: the case of the drone industry. In F. Thérin, F. P. Appio, & H. Yoon (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Techno-Entrepreneurship, Third Edition (3rd ed., pp. 73--91). Edward Elgar Publishing.
  5. 2018

    1. Licha, J., & Brem, A. (2018). Entrepreneurship Education in Europe: Insights from Germany and Denmark. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 33, 1–25.
    2. Jahanshahi, A. A., Nawaser, K., & Brem, A. (2018). Corporate entrepreneurship strategy: an analysis of top management teams in SMEs. Baltic Journal of Management, 13, 528–543.
    3. Kreusel, N., Roth, N., & Brem, A. (2018). European business venturing in times of digitisation – an analysis of for-profit business incubators in a triple helix context. International Journal of Technology Management, 76, 104–136.
    4. Weigelt, M., Mayr, A., Masuch, M., Batz, K., Franke, J., Bican, P., Brem, A., Russer, J. A., & Russer, P. (2018). Techno-Economic Evaluation of Strategic Solutions to Extend the Range of Electric Vehicles.
    5. Kleine, K., Giones, F., Camargo, M., & Tegtmeier, S. (2018). Building technology entrepreneurship capabilities: an engineering education perspective. In J. J. M. Ferreira, A. Fayolle, V. Ratten, & M. Raposo (Eds.), Entrepreneurial Universities (1st ed., pp. 226--247). Edward Elgar Publishing.
  6. 2017

    1. Giones, F., & Brem, A. (2017). From toys to tools: The co-evolution of technological and entrepreneurial developments in the drone industry. Business Horizons, 60, 875–884.
    2. Frederiksen, D. L., & Brem, A. (2017). How do entrepreneurs think they create value?: A scientific reflection of Eric Ries’ Lean Startup approach. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 13, 169–189.
    3. Giones, F., & Brem, A. (2017). Digital Technology Entrepreneurship: A Definition and Research Agenda. Technology Innovation Management Review, 7(5), 44--51.
    4. Miralles, F., Giones, F., & Gozun, B. (2017). Does direct experience matter? Examining the consequences of current entrepreneurial behavior on entrepreneurial intention. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 13(3), 881--903.
    5. Berger, A., & Brem, A. (2017). Why do European companies have Innovation Hubs in Silicon Valley: Best Practice examples and key takeaways. Thunderbird International Business Review, 59, 757–763.
    6. Niebuhr, O., Tegtmeier, S., & Brem, A. (2017). Advancing research and practice in Entrepreneurship through speech analysis - from descriptive rhetorical terms to phonetically informed acoustic charisma metrics. Journal of Speech Sciences, 6, 03–26.
    7. Brem, A., & Radziwon, A. (2017). Efficient Triple-Helix collaboration fostering local niche innovation projects: A case from Denmark. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 123, 130–141.
    8. Jahanshahi, A. A., Brem, A., & Bhattacharjee, A. (2017). Who takes more sustainability-oriented entrepreneurial actions? The role of entrepreneurs’ values, beliefs & orientations. Sustainability, 9.
  7. 2016

    1. Brem, A., & Reichert, M. (2016). Innovation diffusion in B2B relations: New song diffusion in radio broadcasting. International Journal of Music Business Research, 5, 36–58.
    2. Giones, F., Gozun, B., & Miralles, F. (2016). Resource combinations influence on new firm growth , studying new entrants in a high tech industry. 2016 International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation / IEEE Lnternational Technology Management Conference (ICE/ITMC), June, 1--6.
    3. Miralles, F., Giones, F., & Riverola, C. (2016). Evaluating the impact of prior experience in entrepreneurial intention. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 12(3), 791--813.
    4. Ungerer, C., König, M., Giones, F., & Baltes, G. (2016). Reliably Reading Venture Survival from the Business Plan: Determining Venture Emergence and Survival with Computer-Based Content Analysis of Business Plan Texts. 2016 International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation / IEEE Lnternational Technology Management Conference (ICE/ITMC), 1--7.
    5. Lyth Frederiksen, D., & Brem, A. (2016). From Knowledge to Innovation: A Review on the Evolution of the Absorptive Capacity Concept (F. J. Ratten.V, Ed.; Routledge Frontiers of Business Management, pp. 257–268).
    6. Brem, A., Nylund, P., & Schuster, G. (2016). Innovation and de facto standardization: The influence of dominant design on innovative performance, radical innovation, and process innovation. Technovation, 50–51, 79–88.
    7. Gretzinger, S., Fietze, S., Ugonna, O. T. (Toby), & Brem, A. (2016). Embeddedness of Aspiring Entrepreneurs: First Insights from a Single Case Study in Southern Jutland.
    8. Berger, A., & Brem, A. (2016). Innovation Hub How-To: Lessons From Silicon Valley. Global Business and Organizational Excellence, 35, 58–70.
  8. 2015

    1. Giones, F., & Miralles, F. (2015). Do Actions Matter More than Resources ? A Signalling Theory Perspective on the Technology Entrepreneurship Process. Technology Innovation Management Review, March, 39--45.
    2. Giones, F., & Miralles, F. (2015). Strategic Signaling in Dynamic Technology Markets: Lessons From Three IT Startups in Spain. Global Business and Organizational Excellence, 34(6), 42--50.
    3. Maier, M. A., Brem, A., & Ohse, S. (2015). Corporate Venturing im Mittelstand: Handlungsalternativen und Erfolgsfaktoren. Business and Innovation, 2, 24–30.
  9. 2014

    1. Brem, A., & Borchardt, J. (2014). Technology entrepreneurship, innovation and intrapreneurship: Managing entrepreneurial activities in technology-intensive environments (F. Therin, Ed.; 2., pp. 17–38).
    2. Giones, F., & Miralles, F. (2014). Exploring the use of signals in the venture emergence of new technology-based firms. 2014 International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation (ICE), June, 1--7.
  10. 2013

    1. Giones, F., & Miralles, F. (2013, June). Do great technological ideas make great business opportunities? Entrepreneur’s self-regulatory focus in opportunity building. ICE & IEEE International Technology Management Conference.
    2. Giones, F., Zhou, Z., Miralles, F., & Katzy, B. R. (2013). From Ideas to Opportunities: Exploring the Construction of Technology-Based Entrepreneurial Opportunities. Technology Innovation Management Review, June, 13--20.
  11. 2010

    1. Brem, A. (2010). Photovoltaikindustrie kommt in die Jahre - jetzt sind radikale Innovationen gefragt.
  12. 2009

    1. Brem, A., Mühlmann, F., & Schwing, M. (2009). Solar industry: No future for thin film modules? A study on the PV industry in the United States.
    2. Brem, A., & al. (2009). Business Idea Identification of Serial Entrepreneurs and the Role of Team Founding for Serial Venture Creation - Insights form a Cases-driven Explorative Study.
    3. Brem, A., & Mühlmann, F. (2009). Solarindustrie - Wie gut ist die Branche aufgestellt. WiM – Wirtschaft in Mittelfranken, 32–33.
  13. 2008

    1. Scheiner, C., Brem, A., Voigt, K.-I., & al. (2008). Gender-related Differences in Motivation, Goals and Performance Evaluation.
    2. Männer, A.-L., Brem, A., & Voigt, K.-I. (2008). “Recht” als Innovationsimpuls? Konzeptualisierung von Regulatory Push/Pull-Innovationen und deren Umsetzung in der Praxis.
    3. Brem, A. (2008). The Boundaries of Innovation and Entrepreneurship - Conceptual Background and Selected Theoretical and Empirical Aspects.
    4. Laspita, S., Scheiner, C., Brem, A., Voigt, K.-I., & Klandt, H. (2008). Gender-related Differences in the Founding Intention.
    5. Voigt, K.-I., Brem, A., & Sütterlin, J. (2008). Untersuchung geschlechtsspezifischer Besonderheiten bei Unternehmensgründungen durch Frauen und Männer und deren Einstellungen zum Erfolgsbegriff (K. Gundolf & S. Kraus, Eds.; pp. 286–304).
    6. Scheiner, C., Laspita, S., Brem, A., Chlosta, S., & Voigt, K.-I. (2008). Founding Intentions: A Gender Perspective. Journal of Asia Entrepreneurship and Sustainability, 4, 15–35.
    7. Brem, A., Kreusel, N., & Schimpf, R. (2008). Typische Fehler bei der Erstellung eines Businessplans.
  14. 2007

    1. Voigt, K.-I., Brem, A., & Scheiner, C. (2007). Business Idea Identification and Evaluation - Experiment Management in Practice.
    2. Voigt, K.-I., Scheiner, C., Brem, A., & al. (2007). How Do Strategy, Resources and Processes Influence the Product Development Success? Results from an Empirical Study.
    3. Laspita, S., Scheiner, C., Chlosta, S., Brem, A., Voigt, K.-I., & Klandt, H. (2007). Academic Entrepreneurship - Examining Motivating and Hindering Influences Through the Gender Lense; Internationalizing Entrepreneurship Education and Training - Innovative Formats for Entrepreneurship Education Teaching.
    4. Laspita, S., Chlosta, S., Klandt, H., Scheiner, C., Brem, A., & Voigt, K.-I. (2007). Students Attitude Towards Entrepreneurship: Does Gender Matter? Review of International Comparative Management, 8, 92–118.
    5. Scheiner, C., Brem, A., Voigt, K.-I., & et al. (2007). Entrepreneurship in the United Kingdom and Germany - Educational Concepts and their Impact on Intention to Start-up; Internationalizing Entrepreneurship Education and Training - Innovative Formats for Entrepreneurship Education Teaching.
    6. Brem, A., Scheiner, C., Voigt, K.-I., & al., et. (2007). Gender-Related Differences of Founding Intentions due to the Perceptions of Fostering and Inhibiting Factors.
  15. 2006

    1. Voigt, K.-I., & Alexander, B. (2006). Die Person des Gründers als Determinante des Unternehmenserfolgs: Ergebnisse einer qualitativen Metastudie. In J. Merz (Ed.), Entrepreneurship, Professions, Small Business Economics (Vol. 3, pp. 357–374).
    2. Voigt, K.-I., Brem, A., & Scheiner, C. (2006). Entrepreneurship Education and the “Study Cooperation” - Approach - Results from a Quantitative Empirical Analysis.
  16. 2005

    1. Voigt, K.-I., Brem, A., & Blut, I. (2005). Mezzanine-Finanzierung bei jungen Unternehmen: Arten, Struktur und Entscheidungsfaktoren.
    2. Voigt, K.-I., & Brem, A. (2005). Die Person des Gründers als Determinante des Unternehmenserfolgs: Ergebnisse einer Metastudie.
    3. Voigt, K.-I., Brem, A., & Scheiner, C. (2005). Erfolg und Scheitern von Spin-offs - Wesentliche Elemente erfolgreicher Gründungen aus dem Universitätsumfeld.


This image shows Alexander Brem

Alexander Brem

Univ.-Prof. Dr. rer. pol.


This image shows Ferran Giones

Ferran Giones


Deputy Director

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